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In Spain, CNCs are governed by Article 21 of labour law. NCCs may be permitted for technical occupations up to two years and six months for other occupations. Unlike other legal systems that follow the general rule that the review is important only to determine whether it exists and not whether it is appropriate, Illinois will verify the adequacy of the consideration. [42] The majority of courts will need service employment for at least two years to support a non-competition agreement (or any other type of restrictive pact). However, in some cases where a worker is particularly severe, the courts have demanded less. If the main reason for the use of these contracts was the protection of trade secrets, one would expect non-competition clauses to increase for workers with a higher level of education. According to the same Ministry of Finance report, however, the proportion of non-academic workers subject to these agreements is slightly lower than the proportion of all workers currently covered by a non-competition agreement – 15% and 18%88 respectively can ensure that workers know their rights by requiring companies to disclose non-competitive requirements in tenders and to indicate the terms of proposed non-competition agreements. , as well as information on the new law, at the time of an initial job offer or the offer of significant transport. Early transparency would help workers compare multiple job opportunities; Negotiate the terms of the agreement; and question the validity of the agreement if they deem it illegal. In addition, early notification reforms would help ensure that workers with higher wages and who are likely to set up their own businesses are not caught up in unfair contracts.

States should prohibit any non-poaching agreement between franchised companies. While several attorneys general, under the control of existing antitrust legislation, are taking action against food companies and other franchisors that require franchisees to sign anti-poaching agreements, clarification of laws would help ensure that courts do not decide against workers in the future and companies understand that non-poaching agreements are prohibited in all their forms.