This agreement includes staff assigned to the function of Inspector General (OIG). The main obstacle to trade agreements was first of all the reluctance of the civil aviation authorities to allow their operators to use foreign-registered aircraft. Due to the extremely short duration of each exchange, it is not practical to change the national record of an aircraft. In an exchange agreement, the registration of the interchangeable aircraft remains unchanged, even if the interchange and exchanges come from different countries. Both the Interchangor and the exchange have separate air carrier certificates in their respective countries. Traditionally, Brazilian operators are prohibited from operating aircraft registered in other countries. As a result, the first exchange agreements concluded in the country concerned aircraft registered in Brazil. The RAB recently authorised the registration of foreign-registered air transport aircraft exchange contracts, provided it is a Brazilian operator. This type of agreement is common when semi-trailers are used to transport goods over long distances. The same trucker can take another trailer before returning to Los Angeles. A trailer can be switched between several companies and drivers as they cross the country. Trailer exchange agreements make the process easier and more efficient, as no trucker needs to travel the entire route.
An exchange contract is defined in 14 CFR 91.501 (c) (2) of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) as « an agreement whereby a person leases his aircraft to another person during the same period on the other person`s aircraft and does not collect fees, taxes or royalties, unless a fee cannot be collected that does not exceed the difference between the cost of possession. to use and wait for both aircraft. These regulations lack clarity on some points. For example, they need a registration from the Central Bank of Brazil, which is normally required for the transfer of foreign currency; However, the central bank`s rules do not always require such registrations. They are not required for agreements lasting less than 360 days.B. Therefore, if an exchange contract is less than 360 days, the airline may not meet this requirement. In addition, the central bank requires the registrant to indicate a certain amount of fixed payments. However, in the case of exchange agreements, the parties rarely know in advance how many times the exchange will use the aircraft. As a result, trade may not meet this requirement, even for exchange contracts lasting more than 360 days. However, the main problem with the 2013 regulations is that they do not specify whether an exchange agreement involving an aircraft registered in another jurisdiction can be exchanged to allow a Brazilian airline to operate it. Flights under an exchange agreement may be subject to a federal consumption tax (FET).
For information on this tax, members should access the NBAA web resource on IRS commercial transportation taxes for Part 91 flights. Competition review is the traditional method of designating competitive service organizations and requires compliance with Title 5 competition audit requirements. OPM may, by appointment, delegate to an agency the power to control all its competing agencies (except administrative judges). Vacancies filled as part of the competition review process are public. The bill also provides that foreign aircraft exchanged with Brazilian airlines will be subject to a technical inspection carried out by the ANAC, although they retain their original (foreign) registration signs. It also provides that an exchange agreement between a Brazilian airline must be registered as part of the RAB registration, even if the exchanged aircraft is a foreign aircraft. This provision will fill the void mentioned in the 2013 regulations.