Although it is referred to as a « treaty, » it has been described as an agreement that, in international practice, had a lower status, as U.S. law did not require ratification of an « agreement » by the Senate. Idjirani said that as part of the agreement, the United States also agreed « to grant full protection to the Sultan of Sulu if the Sabah question arises in the future between the sultanate and any foreign authority. » MANILA, Philippines – Sultan Sulu plans to seek U.S. government intercession by asserting its right to Sabah by invoking an agreement with the U.S. colonial government in the Philippines in 1915. The Sultan of Sulu on his own behalf and on behalf of his followers in the Sulu Archipelago and elsewhere in the United States, without any reservations or restrictions, ratifies and confirms his recognition of the sovereignty of the United States of America, and the exercise by His Excellency the Governor General and representatives of that government in Mindanao and Sulu of all attributes of sovereign government that are exercised elsewhere in the United States and exercised by the courts of The state or their other duly empowered officials of all civil and criminal officials The causes that are covered by government laws and ordinances. Other Muslims who attended the signing of the agreement were Datu Rajamuda, Datu Mohamammad, Abdulla Awarig and Hadji Mohawad. Marayaw Maynaat Bagay Tausug. In fact, Bates never intended to ratify the treaty. As Bates later brought in, the agreement was only a temporary goal to buy time until the northern troops at Luzon were defeated.    The agreement did not extend to the northern area of Borneo that the sultanate had leased to the British North Borneo Company. The Spanish peace agreement of 1878 with the Sultanate of Sulu had granted Spain Oberhoheis and allowed them to establish a small garrison on the island of Siasi and in the city of Jolo. When the Philippine-American war broke out, the United States had to concentrate its limited forces in the North.
To prevent Moro from resisting its colonization of the Sulu Archipelago, the United States, represented by Brigadier General John C. Bates, reached an agreement with the Sultanate of Sulu. They are heresy and are an agent by the U.S. military authorities in the Philippines to discuss, negotiate and, if possible, enter into a written agreement of character and scope, as explained below, with the Sultan [of Sulu], who, after the approval of this headquarters and the confirmation by the supreme executive authority of the United States, will dictate and control future social and political relations between the United States government and the inhabitants of the [Sulu] archipelago. As part of this agreement, signed by the Governor of Mindanao and Sulu Frank W. Carpenter, appointed by the United States, with the Sultan of Sulu, the right of the sultan and his heirs to temporal sovereignty, tax collection and arbitration laws was abandoned. Otis wrongly assumed that the sultan was the ruler of all Moros and concluded that Bates simply had to reach an agreement with him by recognizing a transfer of the contract with the Spaniards in 1878.