The Delhi Agreement 1952

Posted by on Déc 18, 2020 in Non classé | No Comments

Although the agreement called for the repatriation of Russian-speaking biharis to Bangladesh, the Pakistani government withdrew its promise to relocate the Community to Pakistan. [6] This led to the stateless Pakistani community stranded in Bangladesh. Kashmiri government officials texted with indian government officials and reached an agreement to approve key decisions of the Constituent Assembly of the J-K State. This agreement later became known as the Delhi Agreement, 1952. The main features of the agreement were: the Delhi Agreement was a trilateral agreement signed on 28 August 1973 between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh; and only ratified by India and Pakistan. [1] It allowed the repatriation of prisoners of war and interned officials held in the three countries after Bangladesh`s war of liberation in 1971. The agreement was criticized because Pakistan did not repatriate Urdu spokesmen to Bangladesh and failed to bring to justice 195 high-ranking military personnel accused of being admitted to the war. [2] There was total agreement on the position of the Sadar-i-Riyasat; Although the Sadar-i-Riyasat was chosen by state law, it had to be recognized as such by the Indian president before its installation; In other Indian states, the head of state was appointed by the president and, as such, his candidate, but the person who was to be appointed head had to be an acceptable person to the government of that state; No one who is not acceptable to the government can be pushed on the state as head of state. The difference in the case of Kashmir lies solely in the fact that Sadar-i-Riyasat is elected primarily by the legislative branch of the state itself, instead of being a candidate of the government and the president of India. With regard to the powers and functions of the Sadar-i-Riyasat, the following argument was agreed upon by mutual agreement among the PoWs, 195 Pakistani military officers detained in India were identified as the main suspects of war crimes.

Pakistan insisted that they be released as one of its main demands. She urged several Muslim countries to refuse recognition of Bangladesh until the release of the 195 officers. [7] India preferred their repatriation to Pakistan. In the text of the agreement, Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Kamal Hossain stated that the treaty entered into force on 8 August 1973 and expired on 1 July 1974. Under the agreement, UNHCR oversaw the repatriation of citizens from Bangladesh and Pakistan. According to the UN, 121,695 Bengalis have been transferred from Pakistan to Bangladesh. Among them are senior Bengal officials and the military. 108,744 civilians and non-Bengali officials were transferred from Bangladesh to Pakistan. [4] India released 6,500 Pakistani PoWs, most of whom were transported by train to Pakistan. In 1974, General Niazi was the last Pakistani officer to be symbolically returned by the Wagah border. [4] Both parties agreed that the application of Article 356, which deals with the suspension of the state constitution and 360 in the event of financial difficulties, was not necessary.

The excesses and multiple crimes committed by these prisoners of war constituted war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, in accordance with the relevant provisions of UN General Assembly resolutions and international law, and there was a general consensus that persons accused of crimes such as 195 Pakistani prisoners of war should be brought to justice and subjected to ordinary judicial proceedings. [5] KL JAMMU Report as it reiterated his party`s commitment to restoring… Considering that jammu and the Kashmir Constituent Assembly consider that sovereignty remains in the State in all matters other than those mentioned in the Act of Accession, the Indian Government has accepted that the residual powers of the legislative branch, which are devolved to the Centre with respect to all states other than Jammu and Kashmir, have been delegated to the State itself; There has been a lot of discussion about « emergency powers »; the Indian government insisted on the application of Article 352 and authorized the President to declare a general emergency in the state